We have detected you are using a machine at UQ and you do not currently have an active Internet Session. Any externally hosted content will not appear unless you have an active Internet session. Please create an Internet session by going to https://login.uq.edu.au

Researcher biography

Phil Orchard is a Senior Lecturer in Peace and Conflict Studies and International Relations and the Research Director of the Asia-Pacific Centre for Responsibility to Protect. His research interests focus primarily on international efforts to provide institutional and legal forms of protection to civilians and forced migrants. His first book, A Right to Flee: Refugees, States, and the Construction of International Cooperation (Cambridge University Press, 2014), examines the origins and evolution of refugee protection from 1648 to the present. His co-edited book, with Alexander Betts and entitled Implementation in World Politics: How Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014), examines the difficulties in implementing even strongly institutionalized human-centered norms. My current work focuses on institutional and legal protections for internally displaced persons. He has published in a variety of outlets within the fields of international relations and forced migration studies, including Global Governance, International Affairs, the Review of International Studies, and Refugee Survey Quarterly. Prior to joining UQ, he served as a Canadian Department of National Defence Security and Defence Forum Post-Doctoral Fellow. He holds a PhD from the University of British Columbia, and previously worked as the Assistant to the Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Internally Displaced Persons.

Research Expertise

International Relations Theory International Security (non-traditional security discourse) International Organisations Forced Migration Humanitarianism Peacekeeping

Teaching Interests

POLS6301 Honours Research Methods

POLS7701 Master's Research Methods

POLS2222 Human Security and the Responsibility to Protect

POLS3203 Power and Order in Transnational Politics

Phil won a 2014 University of Queensland Citation for Outstanding Contributions to Student Learning for "For innovative experiential learning practices that have inspired and engaged students by blending theory and practice" and a 2013 Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences Award for Teaching Excellence.

Recent Publications


Phil Orchard A Right to Flee: Refugees, States, and the Construction of International Cooperation(Cambridge University Press, 2014). 2016 International Studies Association Ethnicity, Nationalism and Migration Studies Section Distinguished Book Award

Alexander Betts and Phil Orchard (eds.) Implementation in World Politics: How Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014).

Phil Orchard Protecting the Internally Displaced: Rhetoric and Reality (Routledge, 2016 [under contract]).

Journal Articles

Phil Orchard, "The Dawn of International Refugee Protection: States, Tacit Cooperation, and Non-Extradition." Journal of Refugee Studies (Forthcoming).

Phil Orchard "The Contested Origins of Internal Displacement." International Journal of Refugee Law (Forthcoming).

Phil Orchard and Jamie Gillies "Atypical Leadership: The Role of the Presidency and Refugee Protection, 1932-1952." Presidential Studies Quarterly, 45 (3) (September 2015): 490-513.

Phil Orchard "Revisiting Humanitarian Safe Areas for Civilian Protection" Global Governance 20 (1) (January 2014): 55-75.

Phil Orchard "Review Article: The Evolution of the Responsibility to Protect: At a Crossroads?"International Affairs 88 (2) (March 2012): 377-386.

Phil Orchard "Protection of Internally Displaced Persons: Soft Law as a Norm-Generating Mechanism."Review of International Studies, 36 (2) (April 2010). 281-304

Phil Orchard "The Perils of Humanitarianism: Refugee and IDP Protection in Situations of Regime-Induced Displacement" Refugee Studies Quarterly 29 (1) 2010. 38-60

Phil Orchard "Regime-Induced Displacement and Decision-Making within the United Nations Security Council: The Cases of Northern Iraq, Kosovo, and Darfur." Global Responsibility to Protect Journal 2 (1-2) 2010. 101-126

Book Chapters

Phil Orchard "Responding to Forced Displacement as a Mass Atrocity Crime". Alex Bellamy and Tim Dunne (eds). Oxford Handbook on the Responsibility to Protect (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2016).

Phil Orchard "Protecting Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons." Roger Mac Ginty and Jenny Peterson (eds) Routledge Handbook on Humanitarian Action (London: Routledge, 2015).

Alexander Betts and Phil Orchard "Introduction: The Normative Institutionalization-Implementation Gap" in Betts, Alexander and Phil Orchard (eds.) Implementation and World Politics: How Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014)

Phil Orchard "Implementing a Global Internally Displaced Persons Protection Regime" in Betts, Alexander and Phil Orchard (eds.) Implementation and World Politics: How Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014)

Alexander Betts and Phil Orchard "Conclusions: Norms and the Politics of Implementation" in Betts, Alexander and Phil Orchard (eds.) Implementation and World Politics: How Norms Change Practice (Oxford University Press, 2014)

Phil Orchard "Humanitarian Intervention and the Legacies of Security Council (In)action: East Pakistan (1971) and East Timor (1975-1979)" in Deborah Mayersen and Annie Pohlman (eds) Genocide and Mass Atrocities in Asia (London: Routledge, 2013)

Phil Orchard "Governing Forced Migration" in David Williams and Sophie Harman (eds) Governing the World? The Practice of Global Governance (London: Routledge, 2013)

Phil Orchard "The Plight of the Displaced." In UBC Human Security Centre, Human Security Report 2005. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.)

Non-Peer Reviewed Publications

"Is the European Union Failing Syrian Refugees?" Australian Institute for International Affairs Australian Outlook, 12 Feb 2016

"Implementing the Responsibility to Protect in the Asia-Pacific" Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, Asia Pacific Outlook Issue 1 (Jan 2016)

"Experts Weigh in on Challenges Facing UNHCR and New Chief Filippo Grandi" UN Tribune, 13 Jan 2016

"We need a Global Refugee Policy" Zócalo Public Square, 21 Oct 2015

"Is Kevin Rudd the very model of a modern UN secretary-general?" The Conversation, 30 Sep 2015

"Only a global response can solve Europe's refugee crisis" The Conversation, 8 Sep 2015.

And Michael Schroeder "A Global Plan for Responding to the European Refugee Crisis," The Hill.com, 16 Sep 2015 Phil Orchard "A global solution to the Syrian refugee crisis" Australian Strategic Policy Institute The Strategist, 8 Sep 2015.

"Why we need a global response to the refugee crisis" World Economic Forum Agenda, 10 Sep 2015

"A global solution to the Syrian refugee crisis" Australian Strategic Policy Institute, The Strategist, 8 Sep 2015

and Sara Davies "Would Australia's asylum seeker policy stop boats to Europe?" The Conversation, 23 Apr 2015

"Reconsidering Safe Areas as a Means to Protect Civilians" Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, R2P Ideas in Brief 4(4), 2014, 1-8.

"Retreating from Darfur? A decade on, spectre of atrocities return" The Conversation, 22 Jan 2015.

"Syrian aid resolution a step forward by the UN" The Conversation, 24 Feb 2014 Phil Orchard and Nicole George "Nobel prize overplays OPCW role in global peace struggle" The Conversation, 11 Oct 2013. http://theconversation.com/nobel-prize-overplays-opcw-role-in-global-peace-struggle-19004.

"Can the UN solve Syria's humanitarian disaster?" The Conversation, 6 Oct 2013.

"The Humanitarian Crisis in Syria," Griffith Protection Gateway. 22 Sep 2013.

"Flight is Not Always an Option: A Reply to de Waal, Meierhenrich, and Conley-Zilkic" The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 27 Mar 2012.

"R2P Ideas in Brief: Regime-Induced Displacement as an R2P challenge" Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect Brief, 2(4) 2012, 1-5.

Current Projects

Protecting the Internally Displaced: Rhetoric and Reality (under contract, Routledge) examines how the emergence of IDP protection as an international issue in the past twenty years has challenged basic understandings around similar issues, including refugee protection, migration, humanitarianism, and international humanitarian and human rights law. The book examines these issues as separate regimes, and uses theories of regime complexity to explore how the emergence of the internally displaced persons protection regime over the past twenty years has interacted, transformed, and undermined other existing regimes.

Improving the International Response to Regime-Induced Displacement – this ARC Discovery funded project (DP150102453) examines why governments increasingly use force to deliberately displace their own populations on a massive scale, which is termed regime-induced displacement. Through a mix of quantitative and case study research, this project explains why such actions have become rational strategies for regimes to respond to ethnic groups which may be a threat to them and how these regimes try to justify their behaviour in order to thwart or delay international action. This is a critical issue as beyond its human cost, regime-induced displacement can lead to state fragility and regional instability as cases from Darfur to Syria demonstrate.

Filling the Social Justice Gap - Phil is part of a seven university team, led by Dr. Susan Banki (University of Sydney), which has received an Innovation and Development Grant from the Commonwealth Office for Learning and Teaching to develop a social justice simulation module designed to provide students with practical experiences in campaign advocacy. Further information on the project is available here.