Interrogating Form and Function: Designing Effective National Human Rights Institutions

Presented by: Dr Tom Pegram, University College London

National human rights institutions (NHRIs), defined as independent bodies tasked with promoting and monitoring human rights on the ground, have spread to over one hundred countries. But creating effective institutions is challenging, especially when these institutions are supposed to monitor and curb the excesses of the very governments that put them in place. We seek to understand what makes NHRIs effective, using an original dataset of twenty-two institutional features that are commonly found in NHRIs around the world, and case studies. We find that institutional features that that allow NHRIs to investigate complaints (such as the ability to receive individual complaints or compel testimony) are linked to multiple measures of NHRI effectiveness. In contrast, we do not find strong relationships between high NHRI performance and other types of institutional features emphasized in the literature, such as independence safeguards, promotional prerogatives and inclusiveness features. We find that institutional features matter most in democratic regimes, but we also see some effects under the more adverse conditions that characterize authoritarian and transition regimes.

 

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